In 2019 and 2020, Europe is celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Second World War. The liberation began in June 1944 with the invasion of Normandy (northwest France) and ended in early May 1945.
After Hitler committed suicide on the 30th of April, the Russian army in Berlin on 2 May, the other Allies (in particular American, Canadian and British troops) conquered in the following days northwest Europe, including the Netherlands. The total liberation of Europe, therefore, took almost a year.
In the Netherlands, liberation began with the conquest of Breda and Zeeland. The second one was necessary because the Allies had to be able to reach the port of Antwerp (which had already been liberated) via the Westerschelde for supplies. The liberation of Zeeland in September 1944 was a difficult and muddy fight in which the Germans still stubbornly resisted
The start of this fight was on August 31, which started the liberation of the Netherlands, it is celebrated in Terneuzen in the presence of King Willem Alexander and Queen
Maxima. On the app of the NOS much information is given about the course of the liberation in 1944 and 1945. Look for example on:
Up to and including May 2020 liberation will be celebrated in many places in the Netherlands. In addition, attention will be paid to many years of 75 years of liberation. Obviously, the National Committee 4 & 5 May also made 75 years of liberation the core theme.
As an extension of this, a National program “Freedom Connects” has been drawn up that contains many activities under this theme, which are very interesting for many people, also in Heemstede. For example, the municipality of Heemstede is working on putting together a special book with the theme: Freedom. The flower parade (which will also come through Heemstede on Saturday 25 April 2020)is also a good example, which with the theme “Freedom”, ties in with 75 years of freedom (www.bloemencorso.info).
In 2020 the Adriaan Pauw year will be celebrated in Heemstede. After all, it is 400 years ago that Adriaan Pauw bought the Oude Slot and became “Heer van Heemstede”. In 1648, the same Adriaan Pauw was the most important negotiator for the Peace of Münster, when the 80-year war with Spain came to an end. That too is a good reason to link up with the 75 years of Peace theme.